Simpleleaf chastetree

Simpleleaf chastetreeVitex trifolia (Lamiaceae) Characteristics Large coastal shrub or small tree, less then 5 m tall. Stem covered by soft hairs. Leaves opposite, compound (composed of 3 linear leaflets which range between 1-12 cm in length). Upper surface of the leaves is green, lower surface grayish green. Flowers born in clusters up to 18 cm…

Ruellias

RuelliasRuellia sp. (Acanthaceae) Characteristics Evergreen perennial, up to 1 m tall, forming colonies of stalks with lance-shaped leaves (15-30 cm long, 2 cm wide), opposite. Flowers trumpet-shaped, metallic blue to purple, with five petals. Distribution Native to Mexico, the Caribbean and South America. Grown around the world as an ornamental. It has become a widespread…

Beach cabbage

Beach cabbageScaevola taccada (Goodeniaceae) Characteristics Shrub, up to 4 m tall. Typical of littoral zones where it grows very close to the sea exposed to the salt spray, usually on sandy soil. Leaves slightly succulent, about 20 cm long, crowded at the stem tips, glabrous. Flowers, white, bloom whole year round, flowers fan-like shape. Fruits,…

Golden Pothos

Golden PothosEpiprenum aureum (Araceae) Characteristics Evergreen vine, growing up to 20 m long, with stems up to 4 cm in diameter. Leaves alternate, heart-shaped, entire on juvenile plants but irregularly pinnate on mature plants, up to 100 cm long and 45 cm broad, juvenile leaves much smaller (< 20 cm). The flowers arranged along a…

Sago Palm

Sago palmCycas cf. revoluta (Cycadaceae) Characteristics Very symmetrical plant, up to 6 m tall (however, it is very slow-growing and requires about 50-100 years to achieve this height). Crown of shiny, dark green leaves on a thick shaggy trunk, typically about 20 cm in diameter. Sago palms are dioecious (male and female plant individuals). The…

Apostle plants

Apostle plantsTrimezia cf. fosteriana (Iridaceae) Characteristics Perennial herbs, up to 1m tall, grow from an elongated corm or a rhizome. Leaves linear, grow from the base of the plant. Flowers yellow. The six tepals are arranged in two series: The outer tepals (sepals) are larger than the inner ones (petals), both have brown-purple markings at…

Octopus bush

Octopus bushHeliotropium cf. foetherianum (Boraginaceae) Characteristics Shrub or small tree, up to 3 m tall with a spread of about 5 m. typically growing in littoral zones. Senescent leaves contain rosmarinic acid and derivates, which are known for its antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It may remove ciguatoxins produced by microscopic Gambierdiscus algae (dinoflagellat),…

Gardenia

GardeniaGardenia jasminoides (Rubiaceae) Characteristics Evergreen shrub, rounded habit, dense branches. Bark greyish. Leaves dark green, shiny, leathery, with prominent veins, opposite. Flowers white, up to 10 cm in diameter, matte texture in contrast to the glossy leaves, among the most strongly fragrant of all flowers. Distribution Native to India, Southern China and Southeast Asia. With…

Palmyra palm

Palmyra palmBorassus flabellifer (Arecaceae) Characteristics Robust palm tree, up to 30 m tall. Trunk grey, ringed with leaf scars (old leaves remain attached to the trunk for several years before falling cleanly). Leaves fan-shaped and 3 m long. Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). Fruits black to brown with sweet, fibrous pulp and…