Lemon

Citrus limon (Rutaceae)

Characteristics

Small evergreen trees, up to 6 m. Numerous axillary spines, 5-27 mm. Leaves elliptic to oval, 4-12 cm long, 2-6 cm wide. Fruits edible, acid (pH 2.2), 5-10 cm, light yellow (lemon fruit).

Distribution

Native to Northeastern India, Northern Burma and Southern China. Introduced to the New World by Columbus in 1498, today widespread in the tropics and subtropics.

Natural Medical Properties

Antioxidant, Vitamin C and numerous phytochemicals for health immune boosting. Drink on an empty stomach with water in the morning to cleanse the body.

Did you know?

The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives the sour taste. Before the development of fermentation-based processes, lemons were the primary commercial source of citric acid.

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species