Arabian coffee

Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae)

Characteristics

Small trees or large shrubs, 5-8 m tall. Opposite leaves. The flowers are white, 10-15mm in diameter. The fruit is red (in cultivated forms yellow or purple).

Distribution

Arabic coffee was first found in Yemen and documented by the 12th century. Today, it is cultivated throughout the tropical areas of the world.

Natural Medical Properties

Used to improve energy levels, to make you smarter and to burn fat. It is believed to drastically improve physical performance. In Fiji, it is used to prevent from Alzheimer’s disease.

Did you know?

Coffee beans are botanically not beans but the stone of stone fruits (drupes).

60% of the global Coffee production is represented by Coffea arabica, the rest is mostly Coffea robusta.

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species