Rhizophora species generally live in intertidal zones which are inundated daily by the ocean. They exhibit a number of adaptations to this environments, including “pneumatophores” that elevate the plants above the water and allow them to respire oxygen even while their lower roots are submerged, and a cytological molecular “pump-mechanism” that allows them to remove excess salts from their cells.
Mangroves are found in subtropical and tropical areas in both hemispheres. They thrive on coastlines in brackish water and in swampy salt marshes.
Natural Medical Properties
Did you know?
The generic name is derived from the Greek words “rhiza” (meaning “root”) and “phoros” (meaning “bearing”), referring to the stilt-roots.