True Mangrove

Rhizophora sp. (Rhizophoraceae)

Characteristics

Rhizophora species generally live in intertidal zones which are inundated daily by the ocean. They exhibit a number of adaptations to this environments, including “pneumatophores” that elevate the plants above the water and allow them to respire oxygen even while their lower roots are submerged, and a cytological molecular “pump-mechanism” that allows them to remove excess salts from their cells.

Distribution

Mangroves are found in subtropical and tropical areas in both hemispheres. They thrive on coastlines in brackish water and in swampy salt marshes.

Natural Medical Properties

No known.

Did you know?

The generic name is derived from the Greek words “rhiza” (meaning “root”) and “phoros” (meaning “bearing”), referring to the stilt-roots.

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species