Common Mango

Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae)

Characteristics

Trees, 10-40 m tall. Leaves 10-30 cm long, 2-7cm wide, leathery, margin entire. Juicy, large and edible stone fruits (drupes). Depending on the cultivar, mango fruits vary in size, shape, sweetness, skin color and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold or orange

Distribution

Although “Common Mango” is a native of the Indian Peninsula, it is cultivated throughout the tropics of the world in more than 500 varieties. In many regions, it has become a significant naturalized element of the flora..

Natural Medical Properties

The inner bark of the stem of Maqo (Fijian name) is used to treat dysentery and bacterial disease thrush.

Did you know?

“Common Mango” is the national tree of Bangladesh and related (same family) to the Cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) and the Pistachio tree (Pistacia vera). Allergic Urushiols are present in the peel of the mango fruit and can trigger contact dermatitis in sensitized individuals.

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species