Avocado

Persea americana (Lauraceae)

Characteristics

Evergreen trees, 10-20 m tall. Alternately arranged leaves, 12-25 cm long. The fruit of the plant (yes, avocado is a fruit!) is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.

Distribution

Native probably of Mexico and Central America.

Natural Medical Properties

Avocados are very nutritious and contain more potassium than bananas. They are loaded with heart-healthy monosaturated fatty acids. Avocados are used to lower cholesterol levels.

Did you know?

All avocados are picked by hand. Avocados are harvested by using a 5-meter pole to reach the high-hanging fruits. They tend to be more expensive than other fruits because of the high costs of labor.

Avocados are related (same family) to bay leaf (Laurus nobilis).

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species