Teak

Tectona grandis (Lamiaceae)

Characteristics

Large tree, deciduous, up to 40 m tall. High-quality wood. Greyish-brown branches. Leaves ovate, 15-45 cm long, 8-23 cm wide, margins entire, papery, hairy on lower surface. Flowers small, fragrant, white, arranged in dense clusters at the end of the branches.

Distribution

Native to India and Southeast Asia but naturalized in many countries in Africa and the Caribbean. Myanmar’s teak forests account for nearly half of the world’s naturally occurring teak.

Natural Medical  Properties

Did you know?

Teak’s natural oils make the timber termite, pest and weather resistant. The wood is durable even when not treated with oil or varnish. It is used in the manufacture of outdoor furniture and boat decks.

Teak is propagated mainly from seeds. Germination of the seeds involves pretreatment to remove dormancy arising from the thick pericarp. Pretreatment involves alternate wetting and drying of the seed.

Further reading:

Literature

World Flora Online
WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families
A working list of all plant species