Golden Pothos

Golden PothosEpiprenum aureum (Araceae) Characteristics Evergreen vine, growing up to 20 m long, with stems up to 4 cm in diameter. Leaves alternate, heart-shaped, entire on juvenile plants but irregularly pinnate on mature plants, up to 100 cm long and 45 cm broad, juvenile leaves much smaller (< 20 cm). The flowers arranged along a…

Sago Palm

Sago palmCycas cf. revoluta (Cycadaceae) Characteristics Very symmetrical plant, up to 6 m tall (however, it is very slow-growing and requires about 50-100 years to achieve this height). Crown of shiny, dark green leaves on a thick shaggy trunk, typically about 20 cm in diameter. Sago palms are dioecious (male and female plant individuals). The…

Apostle plants

Apostle plantsTrimezia cf. fosteriana (Iridaceae) Characteristics Perennial herbs, up to 1m tall, grow from an elongated corm or a rhizome. Leaves linear, grow from the base of the plant. Flowers yellow. The six tepals are arranged in two series: The outer tepals (sepals) are larger than the inner ones (petals), both have brown-purple markings at…

Octopus bush

Octopus bushHeliotropium cf. foetherianum (Boraginaceae) Characteristics Shrub or small tree, up to 3 m tall with a spread of about 5 m. typically growing in littoral zones. Senescent leaves contain rosmarinic acid and derivates, which are known for its antiviral, antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It may remove ciguatoxins produced by microscopic Gambierdiscus algae (dinoflagellat),…

Gardenia

GardeniaGardenia jasminoides (Rubiaceae) Characteristics Evergreen shrub, rounded habit, dense branches. Bark greyish. Leaves dark green, shiny, leathery, with prominent veins, opposite. Flowers white, up to 10 cm in diameter, matte texture in contrast to the glossy leaves, among the most strongly fragrant of all flowers. Distribution Native to India, Southern China and Southeast Asia. With…

Palmyra palm

Palmyra palmBorassus flabellifer (Arecaceae) Characteristics Robust palm tree, up to 30 m tall. Trunk grey, ringed with leaf scars (old leaves remain attached to the trunk for several years before falling cleanly). Leaves fan-shaped and 3 m long. Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). Fruits black to brown with sweet, fibrous pulp and…

Frangipani

FrangipaniPlumeria obtusa (Apocynaceae) Characteristics Small tree, up to 5 m tall. Leaves dark green, glossy, up to 20 cm long, teardrop-shaped. Flowers white with yellow throats and each has five petals, fragrant, bloom in clusters. Flowers are most fragrant at night to attract moths and produce no nectar, tricking the pollinators who inadvertently pollinate them…

Traveler’s Tree

Traveler’s TreeRavenala madagascariensis (Strelitziaceae) Characteristics Monocotyledonous plant, up to 30 m tall, in the Zingiberales order, related to Heliconia (#82, #83), Musa (Banana, #24), Zingiberaceae (Ginger, #44, #109) and Strelitzia (Bird-of-paradise). Sometimes called “Traveler’s palm”, it is not a palm (Arecaceae). The enormous, 20-35, paddle-shaped leaves, up to 11 m long, are borne on long…

Rubber tree

Rubber treeFicus elastica (Moraceae) Characteristics Large tree, up to 40 m tall (rarely up to 60 m). Trunk develops aerial and buttressing roots to anchor it in the soil and help support heavy branches. Broad, shiny, oval leaves (10-35 cm long and 5-15 cm broad). The younger the plant, the larger the leaves. As with…