Agarwood

AgarwoodAqualaria crassna (Thymelaeaceae) Characteristics There are 17 species in the genus Aquilaria, large evergreen trees, and nine are known to produce agar wood. Aquilaria crassna is one source of agar wood, a resinous heartwood, used for perfume and incense. The resin is produced by the tree as an immune reaction in response to infection by…

Teak

TeakTectona grandis (Lamiaceae) Characteristics Large tree, deciduous, up to 40 m tall. High-quality wood. Greyish-brown branches. Leaves ovate, 15-45 cm long, 8-23 cm wide, margins entire, papery, hairy on lower surface. Flowers small, fragrant, white, arranged in dense clusters at the end of the branches. Distribution Native to India and Southeast Asia but naturalized in…

Indian Sandalwood

Indian SandalwoodSantalum album (Santalaceae) Characteristics Evergreen tree, 4-9 m tall. Up to one hundred years old. It parasitizes the roots of other tree species with a haustorium adaptation on its own roots, but without major detriment to its host. Bark reddish to brown (to black), smooth in young trees, becoming cracked with a red reveal.…

Shampoo ginger

Shampoo gingerZingiber zerumbet (Zingimberaceae) Characteristics Perennial herb, leafy stem up to 1.2 m tall. From autumn until spring it goes dormant above ground as the leafy stems shrivel and die away, leaving the pale brown rhizomes at ground level. In the spring, the plant springs up anew. 10-12 blade-shaped leaves, 15-20 cm long, alternate. Among…

Taro

TaroColocasia esculenta (Araceae) Characteristics Perennial, tropical plant. Primarily grown as a root vegetable for its edible, starchy corm. Leaves up to 40×35 cm and sprout from the rhizome, dark green above and light green beneath, highly water-repellent. Taro is one of few crops (along with rice and lotus) that can be grown under flooded conditions.…

Golden Shower

Golden ShowerCassia cf. fistula (Fabaceae) Characteristics Medium-sized tree, 10-20 m tall, with fast growth. Leaves deciduous, 15-60 cm long, pinnate. Flowers yellow. Fruit is a legume, 30-60 cm ling. Wood very strong and durable, has been used to construct “Ehela Kanuwa”, a site at Adams Peak in Sri Lanka. Distribution Native to the Indian subcontinent…