Screw palms

Screw palmsPandanus sp. (Pandanaceae) Characteristics Tropical shrubs (1 m) or trees (up to 20 m) with candelabra-like branching and spiny adventitious roots. Leaves and fruit resemble those of the pineapple plant, although they are not closely related. Pandanus are dioecious (male and female flowers produced on different plants). Distribution Native to Old World tropics and…

Breadfruit

BreadfruitArtocarpus altilis (Moraceae) Characteristics Breadfruit is a species of flowering tree, up to 25 m tall. The large and thick leaves are deeply cut into pinnate lobes. The fruits are 0.25-6kg and very important in standard diet of Pacific islands. All parts of the tree yield latex, which is useful for boat caulking. The tree…

Island Musk

Island MuskEuodia hortensis (Rutaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The leaves are anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue, febrifuge and laxative. They are chewed as a remedy for toothache or stomach pains. An infusion is used to reduce fever. The crushed leaves are used to prepare a remedial bath. Liquid from the leaves is used as a…

Red Bean

Red BeanDysoxylum cf. mollissimum (Moliaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The fruits are used in the treatment of wounds. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Red Ginger

Red GingerAlpinia purpurata (Zingiberaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The fruit is used to treat sores. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of stomach complaints. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org…

Coconut palm

Coconut palmCocos nucifera (Arecaceae) Characteristics Stems up to 20 m tall, erected or leaning, smooth. Trunk usually somewhat swollen at the base (80 cm), upper diameter about 40 cm. Leaves up to 5 m long. Immature fruits green, yellow or bronzy red. Mature fruits brown. Distribution Attributed to Asiatic tropics but now spontaneous and wild…

Beach Cordia

Beach CordiaCordia subcordata (Boraginaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Musk fern

Musk fernMicrosorum scolopendria (Polypodiaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Pacific Rosewood / Portia Tree

Pacific Rosewood / Portia TreeThespesia populnea (Malvaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji Portia tree is often used in traditional medicine, where the bark, root, leaves, flowers and fruits are all used to treat a range of ailments. There has been some research into its properties, which tends to support these traditional uses. The…

Ylang Ylang (English) Mokosoi (Fiji)

Ylang Ylang (English) Mokosoi (Fiji)Cananga odorata (Annonaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The flowers, and the essential oil obtained from them, are antipruritic, antifungal, antiseptic and sedative, relieving tension, lowering blood pressure and reducing fever. They are also said to be aphrodisiac. The dried flowers are used in the treatment of malaria and…