Madegascar periwinkle

Madegascar periwinkleCatharanthus roseus (Apocynaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji Madagascar periwinkle has long been used as a traditional medicine. Tests by pharmaceutical companies in the 1950’s showed the presence of a number of medically active alkaloids, especially the compound vincristine, which has been shown to have activity against leukaemia. The alkaloids, when isolated…

Small-leaved fig

Small-leaved figFicus obliqua (Moraceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The latex has been as a medicine for sore joints. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Orchid trees

Orchid treesBauhinia sp. (Fabaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Dwarf Cavendish Banana

Dwarf Cavendish BananaMusa acuminata (Musaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Sea Almond

Sea AlmondTerminalia catappa (Combretaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org

Papaya

PapayaCarica papaya (Caricaceae) Characteristics Trees or shrubs 6-10 m tall. Stem (20 cm diameter) with leaf scars helically arranged, bark green to brown. Leaf blade 20-60 cm. Berries hanging from trunk near summit, green to orange. Edible. Distribution Papayas are grown throughout the tropics of the world, chiefly at low elevations, and tend to become…

Common Mango

Common MangoMangifera indica (Anacardiaceae) Characteristics Trees, 10-40 m tall. Leaves 10-30 cm long, 2-7cm wide, leathery, margin entire. Juicy, large and edible stone fruits (drupes). Depending on the cultivar, mango fruits vary in size, shape, sweetness, skin color and flesh color which may be pale yellow, gold or orange. Distribution Although “Common Mango” is a…

Kava (Kava Kava)

Kava (Kava Kava)Piper methysticum (Piperaceae) Characteristics A clumping shrub with growth up to 2.5 meters tall, Kava thrives In loose well drained soils where plenty of air reaches the roots, needing high rainfall and humidity, It Is an understory plant, sensitive to sunlight and not salt tolerant. It cannot reproduce sexually with female flowers being…

Star fruit

Star fruitAverrhoa carambola (Oxalidaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji The fruit can be a laxative on account of the oxalic acid it contains. It is also used in traditional medicine for skin disorders and fevers. It is valued by Chinese communities as a remedy for high blood pressure, whilst it is also said…

Jungle Flame

Jungle FlameIxora coccinea (Rubiaceae) Characteristics Distribution Traditional medical use in Fiji No known. Did you know? Further reading: Here Literature World Flora Online WorldChecklist of Selected Plant Families A working list of all plant species www.worldfloraonline.org www.wcsp.science.kew.org www.theplantlist.org